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war against the Bengali population proceeded in classic gendercidal
fashion. According to Anthony Mascarenhas, "There is no doubt whatsoever
about the targets of the genocide Younger men and adolescent boys,
of whatever social class, were equally targets. According to Rounaq
Jahan, "All through the liberation war, able-bodied young men were
suspected of being actual or potential freedom fighters. Thousands
were arrested, tortured, and killed. Eventually cities and towns became
bereft of young males who either took refuge in India or joined the
liberation war." Especially "during the first phase" of the genocide,
he writes, "young able-bodied males were the victims of indiscriminate
killings." ("Genocide in Bangladesh," in Totten et al. , Century of
Genocide , p. 298.) R.J. Rummel likewise writes that "the Pakistan
army [sought] out those especially likely to join the resistance --
young boys. Sweeps were conducted of young men who were never seen
again. Bodies of youths would be found in fields, floating down rivers,
or near army camps. As can be imagined, this terrorized all young
men and their families within reach of the army. Most between the
ages of fifteen and twenty-five began to flee from one village to
another and toward India. Many of those reluctant to leave their homes
were forced to flee by mothers and sisters concerned for their safety.
Rummel describes (p. 323) a chilling gendercidal ritual, reminiscent
of Nazi procedure towards Jewish males. In what became province-wide
acts of genocide, Hindus were sought out and killed on the spot. As
a matter of course, soldiers would check males for the obligated circumcision
among Moslems. If circumcised, they might live; if not, sure
International Mother Language Day
The UNESCO has proclaimed February 21 as the International
Mother Language Day. The proclamation came in the
form of a resolution unanimously adopted at the plenary
of the UNESCO at its headquarters in Paris in November
The first International Mother Language Day event
was opened on February 21, 2000 in Paris by the Director-General
of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura who stressed that
"by deciding to celebrate mother tongues, UNESCO's
Member States wished to recall that languages are
not only an essential part of humanity's cultural
heritage, but the irreducible expression of human
creativity and of its great diversity."
Highlighting the fact that close to 6000 languages
are estimated to be spoken in today's world, Mr Matsuura
said: "They testify to humanity's astounding ability
to create tools of communication, to its perception
and reflection. They are the mirror of the souls of
the societies in which they are born and they reflect
the history of their contacts. In this sense, it could
be said that all languages are cross-bred."
Films of the month
The man who liberated Bangladesh in the Independence War of 1971
Watch Stop genocide by Jahir Raihan
The Great War - a BBC production
Shadhinota shongramer itihash
"Today Bangladesh is a sovereign and independent country. On Thursday 16th of march 1971 night West Pakistani armed forces suddenly attacked the police barracks at Razarbagh and the EPR headquarters at Pilkhana in Dhaka. Many innocent and unarmed have been killed in Dhaka city and other places of Bangladesh. Violent clashes between EPR and Police on the one hand and the armed forces of Pindi on the other, are going on. The Bengalis are fighting the enemy with great courage for an independent Bangladesh. May God aid us in our fight for freedom. Joy Bangla."
Instrument of Surrender
Pakistani Army Comander in the Eastern Command, Lt. General A. A. K. Niazi, signing the Instrument of Surrender in front of General of Officer Commanding in Chief of India and Bangladesh Forces in the Eastern Theatre, Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora. 16th December, 1971
On 18 April 1930, young revolutionaries led by Surya Sen in attacked and burned down the British Armory in Chittagong. They fought a heroic battle on the hills of Jalalabad where twelve revolutionaries were killed.
This partition 1947 created both a harvest of bitterness and the basis for further conflict. In 1970-71, Pakistan itself was further divided as East Pakistan became the new state of Bangladesh, a process attended by an enormous human tragedy of war and famine.
Help the victims of SIDR
Dear Friends of Tritio Matra: Our country is in distress and millions have been affected, what can we do? In this crisis moment of Bangladeshi we all are trying our level best to help the victims of sidr. We can donate money, but in which organization? Tritio Matra made a research on sincerity of different organizations those are involve with disaster management. and we do recomend following organizations according to their area of works:
Current A/C No. 33004093 Sonali Bank, Prime Minister's Office Branch,Tejgaon,Dhaka SWIFT Code : BSONBDDH.
The Proclamation of Indepen-dence was read at the village Baidyanathtola, Meherpur known as Mujibnagar, on 17 April 1971. On this day the first provisional government of Bangladesh took oath here. The Pak army killed several hundred people at village Amjhupi on 18 April 1971.
Mujibnagar: Located at a distance of about 7 km. from the town of Meherpur.
Monument of the War of Liberation
National Memorial Monument : Located at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial designed by architect Moinul Hossein, is dedicated to the sacred memory of the millions of unknown martyrs of the 1971 war of liberation
Mass grave: Meherpur Government College, Jagannathpur, Kazipur and Tengramari; Mass killing site: Jatarpur, memorial monument at Mujibnagar.