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Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra

There is not a shadow of doubt that Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra will always be remembered by future generations for its glorious role in the annals of the freedom movement. No one can forget the words Purbo Digantey Surjya Uthechey, Rokto Lal Rokto Lal or Teerhara ey Dheuer Shagor Pari Diborey or for that matter Joi Bangla Banglar Joi ! How true were these words! Joi, the victory, that came on the morning of 16 December 1971. But throughout the nine months of the liberation war these songs not only inspired the freedom fighters, but also created awareness among the common people all over Bangladesh about the atrocities committed by the Pakistani military forces. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra  Radio Broadcasting Centre established by the Bangladesh government in exile soon after the war of liberation . The Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra, in fact, evolved from the Kalurghat ( chittagong ) transmission centre from where the declaration of independence on behalf of Bango bondhu Shaikh Mujibor Rahman was made by ziaur rahman . The Kalurghat radio centre was abandoned when it was heavily shelled by the Pakistan Air Force on March 30. The centre, however, resumed its second phase of activities from 3 April 1971 at Bagafa (Tripura State) with a short wave transmitter. The centre was later shifted to Shalbagan and Bagafa-Belonia Forest Hills Road, Agartala. The key person in organising the centre in its early stage was Balal Muhammad, a scriptwriter and artiste of Radio Pakistan. Several other liberation activists who joined later included Abdullah-Al-Faruque, Abul Kashem Sandwip, Kazi Habibuddin Ahmed Moni, Aminur Rahman, Rashidul Hussain, A M Sharfuzzaman, Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, Syed Abdus Shaker, and Mustafa Monwar. The damaged transmitter that they brought with them from Kalurghat was made operative by engineer Syed Abdus Shaker. The daily programme in this phase consisted of a morning transmission between 8.30 and 9 and an afternoon session between 5 and 7. Two most popular programmes of Swadhin Bangla Betar were 'Charampatra' and ' Jallader Darbar' . Jallader Darbar written by Kalyan Mitra was a satiric serial exposing the inhuman and beastly nature of General Yahya Khan who was depicted in it as ' Kella Fateh Khan' . Raju Ahmed acted in the main role. Charampatra, a satirical composition, was planned by Abdul Mannan, a Member of National Assembly, and written in typical Dhaka dialect by M R Akhter Mukul, who himself used to read it out. The programme proved to be immensely popular. It evinced exceptional sense of humour and a nationalist spirit that helped keep the morale of the freedom fighters high. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra was renamed Bangladesh Betar on 6 December 1971, when India gave formal recognition to independent Bangladesh and its provisional government. The Bangladesh government moved to Dhaka on 22 December 1971 and Bangladesh Betar started broadcasting in independent Bangladesh on the same day. [M Siddiqur Rahman]

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21 February
International Mother Language Day

The UNESCO has proclaimed February 21 as the International Mother Language Day. The proclamation came in the form of a resolution unanimously adopted at the plenary of the UNESCO at its headquarters in Paris in November 1999.

The first International Mother Language Day event was opened on February 21, 2000 in Paris by the Director-General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura who stressed that "by deciding to celebrate mother tongues, UNESCO's Member States wished to recall that languages are not only an essential part of humanity's cultural heritage, but the irreducible expression of human creativity and of its great diversity."

Highlighting the fact that close to 6000 languages are estimated to be spoken in today's world, Mr Matsuura said: "They testify to humanity's astounding ability to create tools of communication, to its perception and reflection. They are the mirror of the souls of the societies in which they are born and they reflect the history of their contacts. In this sense, it could be said that all languages are cross-bred."
Locations of visitors to this page
save buriganga
Films of the month

Tazuddin Ahmed

The man who liberated Bangladesh in the Independence War of 1971

Watch Stop genocide by Jahir Raihan
The Great War - a BBC production
Shadhinota shongramer itihash
"Today Bangladesh is a sovereign and independent country. On Thursday 16th of march 1971 night West Pakistani armed forces suddenly attacked the police barracks at Razarbagh and the EPR headquarters at Pilkhana in Dhaka. Many innocent and unarmed have been killed in Dhaka city and other places of Bangladesh. Violent clashes between EPR and Police on the one hand and the armed forces of Pindi on the other, are going on. The Bengalis are fighting the enemy with great courage for an independent Bangladesh. May God aid us in our fight for freedom. Joy Bangla."
Instrument of Surrender
Pakistani Army Comander in the Eastern Command, Lt. General A. A. K. Niazi, signing the Instrument of Surrender in front of General of Officer Commanding in Chief of India and Bangladesh Forces in the Eastern Theatre, Lt. General Jagjit Singh Aurora. 16th December, 1971
On 18 April 1930, young revolutionaries led by Surya Sen in attacked and burned down the British Armory in Chittagong. They fought a heroic battle on the hills of Jalalabad where twelve revolutionaries were killed.
Partition 1947
This partition 1947 created both a harvest of bitterness and the basis for further conflict. In 1970-71, Pakistan itself was further divided as East Pakistan became the new state of Bangladesh, a process attended by an enormous human tragedy of war and famine.


Help the victims of SIDR

Dear Friends of Tritio Matra: Our country is in distress and millions have been affected, what can we do? In this crisis moment of Bangladeshi we all are trying our level best to help the victims of sidr. We can donate money, but in which organization? Tritio Matra made a research on sincerity of different organizations those are involve with disaster management. and we do recomend following organizations according to their area of works:

Chief Adviser's Relief Fund
Current A/C No. 33004093 Sonali Bank, Prime Minister's Office Branch,Tejgaon,Dhaka SWIFT Code : BSONBDDH.
International Federation Red Cross and Red Crescent Save the Children

Historical Events

The Proclamation of Indepen-dence was read at the village Baidyanathtola, Meherpur known as Mujibnagar, on 17 April 1971. On this day the first provisional government of Bangladesh took oath here. The Pak army killed several hundred people at village Amjhupi on 18 April 1971.

Mujibnagar: Located at a distance of about 7 km. from the town of Meherpur.

Monument of the War of Liberation

National Memorial Monument : Located at Savar, 35, km. from Dhaka city. The memorial designed by architect Moinul Hossein, is dedicated to the sacred memory of the millions of unknown martyrs of the 1971 war of liberation

Mass grave: Meherpur Government College, Jagannathpur, Kazipur and Tengramari; Mass killing site: Jatarpur, memorial monument at Mujibnagar.

TriTio Matra is a documentation project based on Bangladesh war of Independence, initiated by a group of Bangladeshi living in Bangladesh and abroad